Archive for Photography

World Photography Day/Coimbatore Press Club

Members and Photo Journalists of Coimbatore Press Club (CPC) celebrated World Photography Day at CPC premises on August 19, 2014. Here is an anlaysis about the event from the budding journalists, MJMC students of PSG CAS, Coimbatore.

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DJ Memorial Photography Contest

Third Edition of DJ Memorial Photography Contest at Coimbatore

Inputs from MJMC, PSG CAS students

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Nature at its best…

An account on DJ Memorial Photography Contest 2014 (3rd Edition)

Shrinithi. M,  I MJMC, PSG CAS, August 2014.

         Photography is an art that arrests light and captures moments to be shared and cherished for a life time. People say that a picture speaks a thousand words. For such pictures that caught the eye and touched the third eye of a photographer and fit the frames of its lens this year, DJ Memorial Photography Contest 2014 (DJMPC’14) rolled out. Conducted in the memory of Dr. D. Jayavarthanavelu, past chairman and Managing Director of Lakshmi Machine Works (LMW) it is a talent hunt to honour the growing art of photography. Dr. D. Jayavarthanavelu being an ardent and passionate photographer himself lived a life of inspiration to the world. His son, Mr. Sanjay Jayavarthanavelu is supporting DJMPC for the past three years bringing out astounding photos and recognising photographers from all over the nation, under the administration of Mr. CK Marudhachalam, a wildlife photographer and founder of RK Photo Centre. The single jury member Mr. Ganesh H Shankar, a nature photographer announced the winners of DJMPC’14, Mr. Sandeep Mall, Mr. Yashpal Rathore and Baby. Sitara Karthikeyan who bagged the first three prices of rupees 3 Lakhs, 2.25 Lakhs and 1.5 Lakhs. Five other photos won Rs. 10000 for special mention. “The theme this year was Nature, other than mammals and we received over 3500 entries. It was a very hard endeavour to bring it down to 3 winners.” said the jury. The story told by the photo, creativity and technical aspects and the honesty with in post-processing were the judging criteria. Through the 180 frames that hung on the walls of Kasturi Srinivasan Memorial hall, butterflies, landscapes, reptiles and birds of colours unknown to the layman’s eyes told stories of survival and wonder. DJMPC’14 was indeed a treat to the eyes.

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 PIXELED NATURALLY

 Laxmi Narayanan, I MJMC, PSG CAS, Aug.2014

     As a tribute to its visionary leader Dr.D.Jayavarthanavelu (DJ), Lakshmi Machine Works Limited (LMW) sponsored the third edition of the DJ Memorial Photography Contest (DJMPC), a competitive event which is held annually at Coimbatore to honour talent in photography. DJ was an accomplished photographer and he has photographed a wide variety of subjects across the globe. He had a passion for photography which remained close to his heart till the end.

     The entries were open from March 1- June 30, 2014 and the topic for the contest was ‘Nature, except Mammals’. Shri.R.Maruthachalam (ARPS,APSA,AFIAP) served as the administrator and judging of the entries received was done by Shri.Ganesh Shankar who is a fine art nature photographer and they had a hard time short listing the entries. The total number of participants were 1566 and the entries received to their website www.djmpc.in were 3153 images. Judging was based on few criteria like the story of nature being projected, freshness and clarity of a photograph and how truthful was the post-photographic approach.

     It was a wonderful opportunity to attend the award ceremony of the contest which took place on July 30, 2014 at Kasthuri Sreenivasan Art Gallery at 9.30 a.m. The programme began with a welcome speech and a powerpoint presentation was shown on the life of DJ. Shri.Ganesh Shankar shared his experience of judging the contest. The DJMPC carried a total prize of Rs.7.25 lakhs and the prizes were distributed by Shri.Sanjay Jayavarthanavelu (Chairman and Managing Director of LMW). The first prize worth Rs. 3 lakhs was awarded to Sandeep Mall from Faridabad for his photo ‘The Buddha Brown Fish Eagle unperturbed by the Drongos’. Yashpal Rathore from Bangalore won the second prize of Rs. 2.25 lakhs for his photo ‘Blurry flight’ and the third prize of Rs. 1.5 lakhs was awarded to a sixth standard student Sithara Karthikeyan, a resident of Coimbatore for her photo ‘Famous Five’ which shows five owls perched upon a tree trunk. Five photographers received the Certificate of Merit along with a cash prize of Rs. 10,000. A public expo of selected contest photographs was inaugurated shortly after the award ceremony by Mrs.Rajyalakshmi Jayavarthanavelu. This expo was organised and executed by R.K. Photo Centre and was open for public until Sunday, August 3.

     Out of the 108 photos displayed, the photo taken by Debashis Mukherjee, from Kolkata with the caption ‘New born Turtles’ delighted me the most. The photo shows twelve tiny turtles crawling in the beach leaving behind their footprints on the sand. The photo appears to be fresh and it shows how much the turtles are excited to explore the new world.

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Carolyn Sandstrom

My favourite photographer for almost the past 10 years. Her pictures have been my wallpapers until my daughter replaced them.

 

Carolyn Sandstrom is originally a farm girl from Saskatchewan, Canada. In her teens, Calgary, Alberta, became her home. In 2000, she resettled to the small town of Okotoks.

She is a former well-known Alberta fashion designer. Even though, she was successful and it was a great outlet for her creativity, she came upon the art of photography in an unusual way and knew this was what she truly wanted to be. She discovered it when she was a chairperson for the Royal Astronomical Society in Calgary. When she saw the deep sky images of John Mirtle, an astrophotographer, she just had to take up photography simply so she could photograph her favourite galaxies, M81 and M82. Within a week, she had her first manual Nikon camera, within two she knew she wanted a career as a photographer and she never did get her M81 and M82 shots.

Ever since she took up photography, it has been her greatest passion. It is not only her job, but her lifestyle. She has specialised in taking pictures of babies and children. Her clients find her so patient. She says it is the parents that do most of the work and she just bosses them around, they handle their children, and she waits for the right moments to shoot the images.

Her boyfriend Russ Amy is a wildlife photographer and so when she is not in the studio, they are out bopping around the countryside photographing the wonders of nature and wildlife. They monitor bird nests, animal dens, and rescue wildlife. They take the rescued animals to the closest wildlife rehabilitation centre. Robert Bateman uses many of their images in his new Get To Know Program which teaches children to care for and respect wildlife. She loves all animals and cares very much about their welfare.

Her other interests and skills: she enjoys infrared photography, 3-D photography and designing props along with exquisite Victorian styled clothing for children.  She is also a Photoshop artist. Skills include hand painting, enhancing, restoring, and creating art images.

 

Source:

For photos, more details and info: http://www.carolynsandstrom.com/

 

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RATHIKA RAMASAMY

RATHIKA RAMASAMY - WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER 

ABOUT RATHIKA RAMASAMY:

            Rathika Ramasamy is India’s first woman wildlife photographer. She is a famous wildlife photographer from New Delhi, India.. Her photographs are stunning and She Portraits nature’s creation in the most beautiful ways. Her photographs are a visual treat to look at. She is passionate about birds and is specializing in bird photography. She has traveled to most of the National parks in India, and has also been to national parks in Africa. For her, wildlife photography is not only a passion but a medium to conserve nature. Her work has been showcased in national and international publications. She is a member of (NPS) Nikon’s Professional Services. She regularly conducts Wildlife Photography workshops all over India and gives talks.

HER BEST QUOTE:

“Every time I press the shutter, it takes me one step closer to Mother Nature.”

Rathika Ramasamy is conducting field workshops on wildlife photography.

 

Equipment Profile

 Camera
Nikon D4s 16.2MP FX DSLR
Nikon D4 16MP FX DSLR
Nikon D3 12.1MP FX DSLR

Lenses

Nikkor 50mm f/1.8D
Nikkor AF-S DX 17-55mm f/2.8G IF-ED
Nikkor AF-S VR 70-200mm f/2.8G IF-ED
Nikkor AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4D ED-IF
Nikkor AF-S 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR
Nikkor AF-S 800mm F/5.6G ED VR

AF-S Tele converter TC800-1.25E ED
Tele converter Nikon TC-14E II
Tele converter Nikon TC-17E II

 Tripod

Tripod Gitzo GT-5540LS ,Wimberley Head II
Tripod Menfrotto 190DB & 141RC Head

 

PROFILE submitted by Ishwarya Dass, II MJMC, 2014

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Moody Landscapes

A Photo Exhibition at Contemplate Art Gallery by K.Jayaram.

Pre Event Coverage in THE HINDU

K. Jayaram’s ‘Moody Landscapes’ shows how he treats photography like art, writes     K. Jeshi
Internationally renowned photographer Jayaram displays prints of his landscape photographs, shot over many years across India, for the first time in Coimbatore. Titled ‘Moody Landscapes’, the exhibition at Contemplate, has over 50 landscape photographs he has shot in locations such as Kabini, the Nilgiris, Silent Valley, Bharatpur Sanctuary and the Chambal Valley.

The prints are on archival museum matte paper imported from Germany. This conforms to international standards and adds artistic value to the photographs, explains Jayaram. Better known as a macro photographer, Jayaram says there are so many other things in Nature to observe besides birds, butterflies and animals. “Every single day is a different one.”

Kabini at dawn

His series on Kabini captures the many moods of a misty landscape at dawn. Pointing to a lonely boat in the mist he says: “It was a winter morning and we were on a boat ride for morning safari. We were lost and we parked the boat in the middle of the lake. Suddenly, the mist cleared for a fraction of a second and I got the shot. The wavy moment of water created by our boat gave the photograph a greater impact.”

It is important for a photographer to pre-visualise an image and approach it as an art form, he says. He does this in ‘Sunrise In A Sanctuary’, where he highlights the play of light and shade.

Jayaram’s biggest regret is the rapidly changing landscapes. He shows a photograph that he had shot many years ago on the Bangalore-Mysore Highway. The photograph is of trees in silhouette against a red evening sky. “The trees were over 1,000 years old. But they are no more.”

Often, the photographer has to have that eye to see things differently. For example, there is a black-and-white photograph of wild flowers, shot near Madurai. “There were hardly any colours, so I converted the image to black and white. You can’t click images at your convenience and later photoshop them,” he states.

Monsoon at Silent Valley

Like most of his other photographs, one of the Silent Valley also has a story. “It rained for six days continuously. One day, I woke up with an intuition about the possibility of a good photograph. Sure enough, a beautiful landscape opened up to me for a few seconds,” he remembers.

‘Tree Line’ shows the magnificence of the Blue Mountains. “We were in search of birds and butterflies somewhere near Coonor and Kotagiri and what struck my eye is this image,” he recalls. There is another tree-photo taken at Parambikulam late in the evening. It shows the height of the mountains and the tree silhouettes add depth to the landscape.

He describes the experience of shooting in the cold at Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. “In winters, the temperature is one degree till noon. You have to go prepared with gloves, shoes and winter wear. Even my camera wears a woollen blanket,” he smiles.

Other photographs that catch the eye are of artistically arrange haystacks, shot near Chambal. An orange sun in the Chambal valley, a peacock at sunrise in Rajasthan…every frame represents an experience that Jayaram remembers clearly. “The angle of sunlight and the thickness of mist lend a different feel to the photograph,” he explains.

There are ‘afterglow’ photographs too, of dramatic monsoon skies at sunset. Jayaram has also photographed the parhelion phenomenon. “This often happens in the Arctic Circle. I was lucky enough to spot it at Anaikatty. There are hexagonal ice crystals up there and, during sunset, the light which falls on the crystals bounces back on the clouds showcasing the Vibgyor palette.”

Jayaram also thinks like an artist. Pointing to some of his low-key light photographs, he says: “William Turner follows this style for his landscape paintings.” Photographs of a lonely pump house at Kollegal is reminiscent of the good old days, and the Hampi ruins are poignant. “We have so many beautiful places in our own backyard, we only need to look for them.”

The exhibition preview at Contemplate (above Ford Showroom, Avanashi Road) is on December 04 at 6 p.m. The display is open to the public from December 5 to 31 from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on all days (including Sundays). For details, call: 0422-4226357.

Keywords: K. Jayaram, Moody Landscapes, landscape photographs, Coimbatore photography exhibition

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The Photography Club of Coimbatore

Coimbatore, August 19, 2013
The first photography exhibition and competition organized by The Photography Club of Coimbatore (TPCC) which received a good response from students, nature enthusiasts and photography.
The exhibition which was conducted as a part of the world photography day celebration got priorly inducted by Mr. Rajiv K Srivastava, the Field director of Anamalai Tiger Reserve and Mr. Surya Ramprakash, wildlife photographer, on Saturday morning at Srivari Brindhavan Gardens. Photographs depicting rural life, urban life, wildlife, nature and society, captured from all around the globe were displayed in the exhibition.

The prize winning photographs of the photography competition were also displayed. The prizes were given based on three groups, College level, Senior school level (10th-12th std) and Junior school level (9th std and below). K Madhan Kumar of KCT won the college level category and Sanjith Gurubaran of CIRS and Ayisha Ahamed of GRD school won the senior school level and the junior school level categories respectively. Many entries were received by the club from all over the city and the winners were adjudged based on the creativity applied in the pictures. “School students are more creative than college students, judging by the entries that we have received over the days” said Vignesh Balaji, a member of the adjudicators.
The pictures that were exhibited were also on sale and the money received is to be spent on conservation. Inspite of being a good display of talents, it would have been a better one, given captions and species names to the required images.

A Jabez John Anand, MJMC, PSG CAS.

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Types of Cameras

Types of Cameras

Single Use Cameras

:

Single Use Cameras are the simplest cameras. They contain a roll of color film encased in a recyclable cardboard box. They have a single shutter speed and a fixed-focus lens. These cameras can be bought with a variety of features, including built-in flash and water resistance. The whole camera has to be taken to the photo finisher so the film can be processed. The camera is recycled. These cameras cost around $15 and should not be used for serious photography. They are convenient for vacations and times when you find that the other camera has been forgotten.

Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras:

Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras come in three varieties: single focal length, dual focal length, and zoom. Some have fixed focus, meaning that the focus is fixed at a point that produces sharp images starting from about 5 ft. away and continuing to infinity. Other cameras offer infrared auto focusing. Some models offer features like red-eye reduction flash and several automatic shooting modes. More serious photographers usually prefer to have more control over the pictures they take.

Bridge Cameras 
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Bridge cameras are intermediate cameras. They bridge the gap between “point and shoot” cameras and the more serious or complicated models. They have different lenses and many offer a red-eye reducing flash. There is only a limited range of lens focal length that can be used with these cameras.
Rangefinders 

Rangefinders are compact, lightweight cameras that are often used for serious photography. They offer interchangeable lenses and allow photographers to control shutter speed, lens aperture, focusing, and exposure. Some disadvantages are that it is limited in focal length (ranging from 21mm-135mm) and they tend to be expensive.

Twin Lens Reflex 

The twin lens reflex is a medium-format camera (one that uses film larger that 35mm). It is fitted with two lenses which both have the same focal length, one mounted atop the other. The lower (taking) lens focuses its image directly on the film, while the image produced by the upper viewing lens is reflected through 90 degrees by a mirror, and brought to focus on a horizontal ground-glass focusing screen. The light paths to the focusing screen and the film plane are equal, so that if the photographer brings the scene on the focusing screen to sharp focus, the image on the film plane will be equally sharp.

Single Lens Reflex 

The SLR requires one lens for both viewing and creating the photo. A sophisticated camera that offers full manual control of exposure an focus. SLR cameras will accept interchangeable lenses, add on flashes, motor drives, and other accessories. There are also AF (auto focus) SLR’s. These can be set in a number of different modes to ease picture taking. These cameras are typically used by professional photographers.
The word photography is derived from the greek words for light and writing. Sir John Herschel, was the first to use the term “Photography”. This was in 1839, the year the photographic process became public. There are two distinct scientific processes that combine to make photography possible. These processes had been known for quite some time, so it is somewhat surprising that photography was not invented earlier than the 1830s. It was not until the two distinct scientific processes had been put together that photography came into being.

The first of these processes was optical. The Camera Obscura (dark room) had been in existence for at least four hundred years. The second process was chemical. For hundreds of years before photography was invented, people had been aware, for example, that some colors are bleached in the sun, but they had made little distinction between how heat, air, and light created reactions.

In the sixteen hundreds Robert Boyle, a founder of the Royal Society, had reported that silver chloride turned dark under exposure. He believe that it was caused by exposure to the air, rather than to light.

Angelo Sala, in the early seventeenth century, noticed that the sun blackened powdered nitrate of silver. In 1727 Johann Heinrich Schulze discovered that when exposed to light, certain liquids change color. At the beginning of the nineteenth century Thomas Wedgwood was conducting experiments with pictures. He had successfully captured images, but his silhouettes wouldn’t stay, as there was no known method of making the image permanent.

Niépce successfully produced a picture in July of 1827. He used a material that hardened on exposure to light. The down side is that the picture required an 8 hour exposure. Niépce agreed to go into partnership with Lousi Daguerre on January 4, 1829. Although Niépce died 4 years later, Daguerre continued to experiment. Daguerre discovered a way of developing photographic plates. This process would greatly reduce the amount of exposure time. Instead of 8 hours it would only take half an hour. Daguerre also discovered that by dipping it in salt the image could be made permanent. The Daguerreotype was bought by the French Government and made public on Aug. 19, 1839.

William Henry Talbot had an invention called the Calotype. The Calotype produced a negative picture on paper. That means the lights were recorded as darks, and the darks as lights. The positive was made on another sheet of chemically sensitized paper, exposed to light through the negative. An infinite number of positives could be made from a single negative so Talbot’s invention and refinements of it predominated.

Photographers were like artists because they recorded contemporary events only with greater flexibility and on a much greater scale. One of the first photographic documents of history-in-the-making was also the greatest. This was the American Civil War. These were made by 20 photographers. Most of them were initially under the direction of Mathew B. Brady. They could not yet capture the action of battle with their big equipment, but their blunt views of landscapes, littered with the dead changed the popular vision of war.

Submitted by Naneetha.R, II MA Communication, October 2011.

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Types of Lens Filters

Types of Filters

Protective Filters

UV Filters - Absorbs ultraviolet rays.  Gives cleaner, sharper pictures with less haze.  Also serves as a permanent lens protector.
Sky Filters - Reduces blush tones in outdoor shots.  Keeps skin tones natural and free of reflection from nearby objects.  Also serves as a permanent lens protector.
Clear Protector Filters - Protect your valuable lenses from expensive front element damage which can be caused by dirt, scratches, and cross threading.
Polarizing Filters
Circular Polarizer and Moose Filters - Essential for outdoor photography; deepens intensity of blue skies; reduces or eliminates glare.  Circular Polarizing filters are used on auto focus cameras.
Linear Polarizer Filters and Linear Focus - Used on non-auto focus cameras.
Neutral Density Filters
Neutral Density Filters - Reduces the amount of light without affecting the color.  Eliminates overly bright, washed out images. Great for video.
Filter Kits
Filter Kits - Popular filter kits to save you money.

Ultra Thin Filters
HOYA HMC Ultra Thin Filters - High end filters designed to avoid vignetting problems which occur with wide angle lenses.
Special Effects Filters
Cross Screen, Soft Screen, Star 4, Star 6, and Star 8 - Creates a star in the picture where this is bright light.  Ideal for photographs of ladies wearing jewelry or other objects with strong reflections.
Close-up - For close-up photography.
Split Field Filters - One-half of the picture receives a close-up effect while the other half is normal.
Special Effect, MultiVision, and Mirage Filters - For special effect photography.
Pop Filter Sets - Original color effects and great for multi-exposure creativity.
Rainbow Spot Filters - Diffract each tiny point of light into a rainbow of color.
Dual Image Filters - Double exposures taking.
Sepia Filters - Give a nostalgic effect to otherwise ordinary color or black & white photographs.
Zoom Spot and Misty Spot Filters: Breeze, Halo, Windmill, and Gradual Filters - They have a sharp central image with a pleasant blurring of the outer field.  For special effect photography.
Center Spot, Soft Spot, and Color Spot Filters - The center has a clear spot, while the outside can be used as a portrait filter or color.
Softener Filters - Gives a soft gradation image, with focal point somewhat retained.
Infrared (IR) Pass Filters - For infrared photography.
Intensifier Filters - Intensifies and enhances colors.
Portrait, Duto, Diffusion, Spot Diffuser Filters - Diffusion filters give an overall soft focus effect. Can be used to create the romantic and mysterious effects.
Fog A & B Filters - Fog filters give an overall soft focus effect.  Fog filters can be used as a portrait filter or to create the romantic and mysterious effect of fog in any scene.
Colored Filters
Colored, Vario PL, Fantasy, and Tri Color Filters - Tone correction; improves contrast. Ideal for landscapes.
Half Colored and Gradual Color Filters - Half of the filter colored and half clear.
FL-W, FL-B, FL-D and Special Fluorescent Filters - Used to correct the greenish tone that appears when fluorescent lighting is present.
Warming & Cooling Filters
80A, 80B, and 80C Filters - These filters are for color photography in artificial light.
81A, 81B, and 81C Filters - Filters used to create a warming effect (reduces blues, increases reds).
82A, 82B, and 82C Filters - Filters used to create a cooling effect (reduces reds, increases blues).
85A, 85B, and 85C Filters - Filters used to create a warming effect (reduces blues, increases reds). These are more powerful than the 81 series.Submitted by Naneetha.R, II MA Communication, October 2011.

Types of Filters

Protective Filters

UV Filters - Absorbs ultraviolet rays.  Gives cleaner, sharper pictures with less haze.  Also serves as a permanent lens protector.
Sky Filters - Reduces blush tones in outdoor shots.  Keeps skin tones natural and free of reflection from nearby objects.  Also serves as a permanent lens protector.
Clear Protector Filters - Protect your valuable lenses from expensive front element damage which can be caused by dirt, scratches, and cross threading.
Polarizing Filters
Circular Polarizer and Moose Filters - Essential for outdoor photography; deepens intensity of blue skies; reduces or eliminates glare.  Circular Polarizing filters are used on auto focus cameras.
Linear Polarizer Filters and Linear Focus - Used on non-auto focus cameras.
Neutral Density Filters
Neutral Density Filters - Reduces the amount of light without affecting the color.  Eliminates overly bright, washed out images. Great for video.
Filter Kits
Filter Kits - Popular filter kits to save you money.

Ultra Thin Filters
HOYA HMC Ultra Thin Filters - High end filters designed to avoid vignetting problems which occur with wide angle lenses.
Special Effects Filters
Cross Screen, Soft Screen, Star 4, Star 6, and Star 8 - Creates a star in the picture where this is bright light.  Ideal for photographs of ladies wearing jewelry or other objects with strong reflections.
Close-up - For close-up photography.
Split Field Filters - One-half of the picture receives a close-up effect while the other half is normal.
Special Effect, MultiVision, and Mirage Filters - For special effect photography.
Pop Filter Sets - Original color effects and great for multi-exposure creativity.
Rainbow Spot Filters - Diffract each tiny point of light into a rainbow of color.
Dual Image Filters - Double exposures taking.
Sepia Filters - Give a nostalgic effect to otherwise ordinary color or black & white photographs.
Zoom Spot and Misty Spot Filters: Breeze, Halo, Windmill, and Gradual Filters - They have a sharp central image with a pleasant blurring of the outer field.  For special effect photography.
Center Spot, Soft Spot, and Color Spot Filters - The center has a clear spot, while the outside can be used as a portrait filter or color.
Softener Filters - Gives a soft gradation image, with focal point somewhat retained.
Infrared (IR) Pass Filters - For infrared photography.
Intensifier Filters - Intensifies and enhances colors.
Portrait, Duto, Diffusion, Spot Diffuser Filters - Diffusion filters give an overall soft focus effect. Can be used to create the romantic and mysterious effects.
Fog A & B Filters - Fog filters give an overall soft focus effect.  Fog filters can be used as a portrait filter or to create the romantic and mysterious effect of fog in any scene.
Colored Filters
Colored, Vario PL, Fantasy, and Tri Color Filters - Tone correction; improves contrast. Ideal for landscapes.
Half Colored and Gradual Color Filters - Half of the filter colored and half clear.
FL-W, FL-B, FL-D and Special Fluorescent Filters - Used to correct the greenish tone that appears when fluorescent lighting is present.
Warming & Cooling Filters
80A, 80B, and 80C Filters - These filters are for color photography in artificial light.
81A, 81B, and 81C Filters - Filters used to create a warming effect (reduces blues, increases reds).
82A, 82B, and 82C Filters - Filters used to create a cooling effect (reduces reds, increases blues).
85A, 85B, and 85C Filters - Filters used to create a warming effect (reduces blues, increases reds). These are more powerful than the 81 series.

Comments (1)

Types of Lenses

Types of lens

 

The independence to change lenses based on your needs gives a lot of freedom to a photographer. But what are these different types of lenses. Various lenses are suited for specific application. Lets have a look at some common names and what they do.
•    Normal/ Standard Lenses – These are lenses provided by the camera manufacturers along with the camera as a part of the kit. These are generally of the 18 – 55mm focal length for a normal 35mm camera.
•    Telephoto lenses – These are the lenses with focal length longer than the standard lens. Also called as Long focus Lens. These lenses are generally used to take photographs from a distance. Especially for nature and wildlife photography where you can not go near to the subject but want to fill the frame with the subject from a distance. Normally, 70 – 300mm lens is recommended for such purpose though different combination can be used based on your requirement.
•    Mirror Lenses – This is a special design of a long focus lens in which some of the lens elements are replaced with the mirrors. These lenses are generally lighter than the normal lens of the same focal length but they come with fixed aperture.
•    Wide Angle Lenses – These lenses have lower focal length than the standard lenses which helps in getting more area of view in the frame from the same distance. Typically used for landscape photography. These lenses can increase the perspective distortion. So, caution is recommended.
•    Zoom Lenses – These are the lenses with variable focal lengths. In these lenses the positive and negative elements of the lens are put together in such a way that by moving them you can get varied focal lengths. You can also find telephoto lens with zoom lens capabilities. Do not get confused between the two.
•    Macro Lenses – These lenses are designed to do close up photography like flowers, insects, etc. Basically the macro lenses have very high focusing movement than the normal lenses.
•    Aspherical & Fluorite Lenses – These lenses with special purpose. Fluorite lens uses one or more elements of calcium fluoride (CaF 2 ) made from synthetic crystals. This lens has a very high color correction. Aspherical lens elements help to compensate for distortion in wide-angle lenses, and compensate or eliminate spherical aberrations in lenses with a large maximum aperture. They also allow manufacturers to produce more compact lenses than was previously possible using only spherical lens elements. These are costly lenses.

Not all camera types are suitable for weather photography. An SLR 35-mm camera is most useful for starters, and - I might say - a necessity for skilled photographers. Below, I give a description of types of cameras and why they are or are not (in my eyes) suitable for weather photography.
SLR camera
For outdoor photography, and especially for weather photography, the common SLR type of camera is best suited. SLR stands for single-lens reflex, where both the composition and metering as well as the actual film exposure are being done through a single lens. When the shutter of the camera is closed, the mirror is in the path of the lens, reflecting the light upward and focusing it onto a matted glass, where you look at through the viewfinder. When you take a picture, the mirror flips upward, the shutter opens and the film is being exposed, and after the shutter closes again the mirror falls back down.

The typical 35mm SLR camera body. Most amateur and professional 35mm-photographers use such SLRs.
Some advantages of an SLR camera over other types of cameras are:
•    ruggedness - most SLR camera bodies are mechanically strong, which gives them good protection from possible accidents happening in the outdoors, and the weather environment in general. Most cameras are not water-tight or dust-proof, however; but many SLR cameras do have a fair chance to survive these conditions. This is especially true for the older, fully mechanical SLR cameras like Zenit, Pentor and Praktica.
•    adaptability - SLR cameras are used by amateurs and professionals alike, and tripods, cable releases, flash shoes and so on are widely available for these cameras.
•    modularity - choosing a separate body/lens camera system has the advantage that you can mount a wide range of lenses on a single camera body. If you plan to photograph at focal lengths between 28mm and 200mm or so, you might do well by just having a single zoomlens, but for fisheye-lenses and telescopic (very long) telephoto lenses it is always easier to have the modularity the SLR camera bodies offer.
•    single lens - you will be using a wide range of lenses, and you can easily compose the frame by looking into the viewfinder, which shows the frame like it will appear on the frame, eventually, whichever type of lens you are using.
•    picture-taking stability - SLR cameras are generally heavier and bulkier than small digital or point&shoot cameras, which makes photography by hand less prone to camera shake and blurry photos.

Select an SLR body which has an easy mount for a manual cable release (usually part of the shutter release button). A metallic body is convenient to see your camera better at night, and the camera stays cooler in daylight when the sun is shining.
There are also a few disadvantages:
•    Vibration and sound of mirror: especially when using far-telephoto lenses like 1000mm or longer, the tremor of the mirror flipping upward will shake the camera, causing the photo to be unsharp, since the shutter opens immediately after. This can be really problematic when photographing the sun’s green flash, for example, or mirages. Getting yourself a camera with mirror-lock would be better, but this does not work well either, since for green flash photography you have to keep looking through the viewfinder until just fractions of seconds before the event.
•    single-lens: while you are taking a photo on B mode (or a long exposure in general), like you would do with lightning and aurora photography, you cannot look through the viewfinder. This can sometimes be irritating, e.g. when you want to check if a thunderstorm producing lightning is still in the frame, or to see whether an airplane or car would get in the frame, possibly ruining your photo.

Submitted by Naneetha.R, II MA Communication, October, 2011

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Documentary Photography

Documentary Photography

 

 What is a Documentary Photography?

A Documentary Photography is a form of photography that is used to portray and chronicle significant and historical events. Unlike the professional photography, Documentary Photography can be amateur, artistic and or academic pursuit which is covered in photojournalism. The result of this particular type of photography is realistic, true to life and objective.

Documentary Photography is usually a candid photography of a specific subject, most often pictures of people.
Documentary Photography refers to the area of photography in which pictures are used as historical documents. Rather than serving as a source of art or aesthetic pleasure, documentary photography is often used to incite political and social change due to its ability to capture the “true” nature of an image or location. In simple terms, this school of photography uses pictures as documented evidence of a particular situation.
Lewis Hine and James Van DerZee are two of the pioneers of documentary photography. While documentary and artistic photography are considered to be at opposite ends of the spectrum, Paul Strand is one of the few photographers famous for slyly blending these two opposing schools through his avant-garde style.
Oftentimes, pictures taken in the vein of documentary photography tend to be shocking, grotesque, vivid and intense to prove a point and evoke a viewer’s emotions. Some of the most common examples of documentary photographs are featured in modern newspapers and magazines.
Through these images, the public learns truth information about cultural, political and environmental situations. Given this fact, it is no surprise that documentary photography exploded into the American consciousness during the Great Depression of 1930s when photographers were documenting the pervasive poverty.

Types Of Documentary Photography
The genre of Documentary Photography evolved at the end of the 19th century. Nowadays this term has become contrast in the contemporary professional photographic language. It’s a genre, which reveals occurrences and events, usually of the social character. It unites the aims of photographic art and photojournalism.
There are the following kinds of photo documentary:
•    Chronicles
•     Street photography
•    Typology
  and
Others, though these differentiations are rather relative and don’t have obvious borders.
•    As a rule, documentary photography is a series of shots on the concrete topic represented in the chronological order.
•    It’s also typical for this genre to be amplified with the text, describing the     subject, place and time. The text can be either minimal or detailed and usually it is the work of the photographer himself.

Aims Of Documentary Photography

: Documentary photography is now beyond simple narrative fixing of the burning issues of the day, it becomes more and more subjective. The author’s view and style are highly appreciated.
By the way, it was American chronicle photographers, who managed to show that the art can play its role in solution of social problems. In the first half of the 20th century Lewis W. Hine exposed the immorality, horrors of child labor and homelessness. Jacob Riis published the book “How The Other Half Lives”, in which he revealed the life of New-York slums. Their photos became the material evidence of social injustice and the cause of the reforms the society needed.
To show the injustice of the world and to act so that the situation would be changed. That was the aim of the photojournalists, who created an international cooperative agency “Magnum” after the World War II, in 1947 in Paris. Its founders were such acknowledged masters of documentary photography as Robert Capa, David Seymour, George Rodger and Henri Cartier-Bresson. Now it has expanded with four editorial offices in New York, London, Paris and Tokyo, and a network of fifteen sub-agents.
And it is clear because social reportage is one of the most needed genres in photo documentation. In addition, documentary photography is a unique historical and artistic evidence. Such photos are notable for their plot culmination and serious issue and leave no one being indifferent.
Documentary essay
:

“The concept of documentary photography is the shot, which aim is to describe the reality and, perhaps, to transfer some important message or story. However, the European interpretation shows documentary photography as subjective. A documentary photographer is closer to an independent author or even a poet. The main task consists in finding the way of making your ideas visible.
Relying on the words of the war photographer Robert Capa, he says: “If the shot is not good enough it means:


1) a photographer wasn’t too close to the action;


2) a photographer hasn’t read about the event enough;


3) a photographer hasn’t had a close emotional contact with the object of his photography.”
Subjective Documentary:
    •    “Come closer to the stranger.
•    Enter the new situation.
•    Discover who you are.


It is about how to find the balance between the surrounding world and your place in it. How to tell about the reality of the world through your personal truth.”
Documentary Facts As A Propaganda

“Objective documentary photography doesn’t exist. A photographer, who insists on it, is naive. Here is always a political, commercial or personal interest. The border between documentary photography and propaganda is very thin. We should learn how to reveal the strength of the propaganda photography visual language.

Shooting in different places, take one of the sides: positive or negative. And photograph the objects according to your attitude, using the instruments of propaganda.”
However, documentary photography should perform the main function - information. It should be direct and truthful to become the unique historical and artistic evidence, creating the archive of time.
More about Documentary Photography

Documentary photography is a type of professional photojournalism. But even an amateur or a film student can make a documentary photograph. Documentary photography is more about capturing the truth in the social scenario around us. It is also referred to as Candid photography as the moments captured are true and real.

Documentary photography, to a certain extent, captures the real essence of the photographers mind. They depict a certain perspective of the mind of the photographer. These photographs are usually for exhibition in an art gallery or other public forum. Sometimes an organization or company will commission documentary photography of its activities, but the pictures will only be for its private archives. The challenge for a documentary photographer is to make pictures of sensitive scenes and moments without changing them by the presence of a camera.

People should not pose for the camera or else it won’t be real! The resulting pictures - the subjects facing the camera and seen from “top to toe” are a vivid historical documentary photography archive, and have established the posed “straight up” as a valid style of documentary picture-making. 

Eugene Smith from the U.S and Henry Carier Bresson from Europe are the two most famous documentary photographers. Others, being August Sander, Eugene Atget,   Jacob Riis and the like.

In India Raghubir Singh was one of the finest documentary photographers of the twentieth century. 

Documentary photography has risen in recent times because of the rapid growth of the media. The rapid growth of documentary photography represents strong forces at work with a strong creative impulse to bring out the truth to the world. A documentary photograph says so much about the period it was taken in, the background, the prevailing conditions during that time. One has to analyze the picture carefully to gain a complete understanding of all this. These photographs serve as a record of social and political situations with the aim of conveying information.

Tips for a better Photograph:


1 Tell a story 
Use photography to tell a story. First you’ll need to choose a subject, which can be the hardest part of the process. Before you head off to far-reaching countries,  try experimenting with story and ideas closer to home. Whether it’s the drudgery of life in an office or the joy of working your own allotment, you’ll find there are plenty of interesting stories nearby.



2 Do some research 
Even if the story is close to your heart or home, you should still do some research. Plan what you want to say. Ask yourself if you want to tell the story in just one shot or whether the subject might benefit from a series of multiple pictures. A photo essay, for example, could help you to reveal more about your subject.



3 Choose your style 
Think about the way you intend to shoot and how you want the final image to look and feel. Do you want the finished pictures to be in black and white or colour? Do you only want to use natural light to enhance the mood, or will hard flash light add to your story? A bit of planning will make your photos more coherent. Take a look at the best documentary category entries of Photographer of the Year 2010 for inspiration…



4 Be prepared
Once you’ve decided on an approach and style you’ll need to ensure you have the right gear to capture your shot. You probably won’t need to take your entire kit bag with you, so just select the tools you need. Be sure you’ve got the right focal lengths covered, and ask yourself if you might need a tripod. Are your camera batteries fully charged? Have you got spare batteries for your flashgun and plenty of memory cards? Don’t let a lack of preparation ruin a shoot.



5 Get permission 
It’s a good idea to seek permission, especially if you’re photographing people going about their business. Explain what you’re doing and you’ll often get a hearty collaboration from your subject, but sneak around suspiciously and you’ll be given a wide berth or asked to leave. If you’re working on a long-term project you’ll need to build a healthy rapport to get results.



6 Don’t rush 
The best documentary pictures are often the result of a long-term project, so try not to rush in an attempt to capture all the shots in one go. If you do end up with limited time in one location, try to maximise the time you have.

  

7 Get back-up 
One of the most important tasks for a digital photographer is to ensure if all of his/her images are safe. As soon as you get back from your day’s shooting, download your images and make back-up copies on an external hard-drive or DVD. It’s a good idea to keep your back-ups in a different location to your main computer.



8 Process your images 
Once your images are safe you can start to process them. If you shoot in RAW you can make most of your tweaks to colour, tone and contrast at the processing stage using smart software such as Adobe Camera Raw. For a documentary project it’s unlikely that you’ll want to manipulate your images heavily. Just make a few adjustments or try converting to black and white for added impact.



9 Think about presentation 
once you finish your project, think about portraying it off. If you’ve made a series of images, perhaps you could have them printed and framed to be hung in an exhibition, or perhaps they would be better suited to being viewed in a book format. There are plenty of online printing services that can make great books of your pictures for a reasonable price.



10 Learn from the best photographers
Magnum Photos is a photo agency that was founded by Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger and David “Chim” Seymour just after the Second World War. It’s since become one of the world’s most important photographic institutions. Check out the ‘In Motion’ section for slideshows of the members’ work, along with fascinating commentaries.

Preethi.S, September, 2011.

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